The hydropower potential of Kazakhstan is located unevenly and is concentrated in the east and south of the country. Many potential large hydropower projects need to be implemented in the channels of the same rivers using a single water flow. It should be understood that large hydroelectric power plants that provide maneuverable capacities include reservoirs and regulate the flow. In this regard, all HPPs on this river depend on the mode of operation of each other. In the case of a hydroelectric project with a reservoir on one river, then downstream investors will be able to implement their projects only taking into account the operating mode of the upper hydroelectric power station.
At the moment, there is no single plan for the implementation of hydropower projects in Kazakhstan. The legislation does not have a procedural requirement for the implementation of HPPs on rivers, taking into account the use of water bodies by other water users, including HPPs.